The military clashes impacted on the sanielevici family: Solomon was killed in combat with the intruding armies. 47 Henric himself was one of the hostages taken by the german Army after the taking of Bucharest. According to a fellow captive, he was one of several Jews on a multi-ethnic prisoners' convoy, deported to bulgaria under armed guard. 53 Together with other schoolteachers and academics (Rădulescu-motru, dumitru tilică burileanu, gheorghe Oprescu he was kept in Bulgarian concentration camps, at either Troyan or Etropole. 54 he spent a full year in captivity. 55 A rumor circulated by his nationalist adversaries had it that Sanielevici irritated the occupiers with his critique of German interests in Romania. According to this account, he tried to justify himself to his captors by noting that "only in this patriotic way could he create himself a basis for his criticism among the romanian people." 56 Sanielevici's posthumous biographer, Adrian Jicu, notes the opposite: "Although it may.
Yahoo ceo not Alone
19 In the hope of touching a more sympathetic audience, sanielevici published the results of his research in the Anatomischer Anzeiger. 19 Upon his return to romania, despite having earned his citizenship, sanielevici found that he could not enter the newly created Romanian Writers' society, which had a strictly nativist agenda. 43 The period however brought success to the other Sanielevici brothers: Simion took over the Chair of Mathematics at Bucharest University; 44 Maximilian, turning to medical sociology, pioneered social epidemiology in Moldavia, 45 and was later administrator of the insurance company generala. 46 Solomon, who was even employed as an illustrator by the Writers' society, 47 became a noted presence within the bucharest Impressionist circle. 48 Sanielevici was still an active poporanist by the time of World War. During Romania's neutrality period (19141916 he concentrated on his literary work and, in 1916, published the biographical essay volume Icoane lab fugare passing Icons second edition 1921 as well as a new work of literary criticism: Cercetări critice şi filosofice critical and Philosophical Studies. 49 Among these individual studies, one synthesis returned to sărmanul dionis, tracing the links between Eminescu (otherwise a textbook junimist ) and the international Romanticism. 4 50 Sanielevici himself considered the piece to be his best work, and one of the best essays ever written. 4 The period witnessed the first instance of Sanielevici's recurrent publicity stunt: from then on, all copies of his books came with his autographs. 4 According to historian Lucian boia, the literary critic did not follow his Poporanist colleagues in political debates: while they remained firmly on the " Germanophile " side, which advocated an alliance with the central Powers, sanielevici was "more interested in his own projects than. 52 eventually, in summer 1916, the bucharest protocol sealed Romania's alliance with the Entente powers, but the resulting defeats brought the occupation of southern Romania by the central Powers.
34 Probably as a direct consequence of Sadoveanu's arrival at viaţa românească, sanielevici was sacked from his position on and the editorial staff (September 1909). 39 Reportedly, the young critic did not take the matter to heart, and continued to treat Ibrăileanu with a mix of friendliness and superiority. 6 They were still united by their disdain toward the ex-Poporanist columnist Ilarie chendi. In 1910, one of Chendi's antisemitic comments in the journal Cumpăna, directed specifically at Sanielevici, sparked an anti-Chendi campaign in the viaţa românească pages. 40 1910s and World War I controversy edit After a complicated process which involved a vote in Parliament, henric Sanieleveci received his naturalization in november 1910. 41 In 1911, he made his return to germany, where he attended additional lectures in Anthropology the göttingen University and researched the sammlung für Völkerkunde collections. 42 he lectured in front of the göttingen Anthropological Society, where he first aired his assumption that the " Nordic race " traced its origin to Pleistocene -era fishermen, and enlisted negative or ironic responses from his peers.
31 Sanielevici only began contributing there in 1908, and, in 1909, was made the editorial secretary. 32 he was still mainly active in Galaţi, where, in early 1909, he joined a fundraising drive to complete a statue of Eminescu. 33 In his Curentul nou period, sanielevici focused his attention on the young paperwork novelist Mihail Sadoveanu, whose work he considered the main manifestation of Sămănătorism. To his critic's dismissive remarks, sadoveanu replied with a violent article in the political gazette voinţa naţională : "I promise you a stern comeback, and do let me know if there is any clean spot on your body that may yet receive." 34 The. Emerging as one of the poporanist ideologues around 1905, Ibrăileanu defended Sadoveanu against Sanielevici's observations. This stance probably helped Sadoveanu to make up his mind about leaving the sămănătorists and joining the viaţa românească group, 38 while the controversy only increased his exposure. 34 Initially, ibrăileanu attempted to mediate between the two rivals, advising moderation: Sadoveanu wrote to him to explain that "every bit of my soul" had been wounded, while sanielevici announced that he was ready to defend himself with a revolver, should the "bandit" novelist come.
27 In his letters to Ibrăileanu, whereby he invited him and Poporanist theorist Constantin Stere to contribute, sanielevici acknowledged that his journal was not afraid of radicalism: "I have grown tired of hypocrisy". 28 With the curentul nou project, sanielevici concentrated his polemical stance on the right-wing, agrarian and conservative publications of the day, and primarily ridiculed the work of writers at Sămănătorul magazine. He candidly informed Ibrăileanu: "We have a grand work to accomplish, a work that will resonate throughout Romanian literary history, the work of bringing down a shameful current that has been clutching the country for these last 5 years". 4 However, sanielevici was also a sporadic contributor to the neamul Românesc review, which was founded by historian Nicolae iorga as the new version of Sămănătorul. 10 In time, curentul nou identified itself with a new form of traditionalist, peasant-oriented, literature, as advocated by the formerly socialist "Poporanists". As noted by literary theorist Eugen lovinescu, the galaţi paper was a direct predecessor of the leading Poporanist monthly viaţa românească, founded at iaşi in 1906. 29 Ibrăileanu approached both Sanielevici and Dobrogeanu-Gherea with offers to head the editorial staff, but both, in turn, refused his invitation. 30 At the time, the other Poporanists were beginning to protest against the curentul nou branch: publicist Spiridon Popescu, who was Ibrăileanu's companion, threatened to quit if the "insane" Sanielevici and "the jewish critic" Gherea were ever on board.
What Most Employees lie about On Their Resumes
19 An influential racial theorist, joseph Deniker, also rejected the idea, and noted in particular Sanielevici's "strange and false" argument that the only naturally "brachycephalic" skulls were " Mongoloid ". 21 Curentul nou beginnings edit back home, sanielevici found steady employment was as a schoolteacher, and he successively taught French to high school students in Galaţi, ploieşti, târgovişte and Bucharest. 1 he also expanded on his activity in criticism, with the debut volumes Studii critice critical Studies cartea românească publishers, 1902) 22 and Încercări critice critical Essays 1903). 23 His focus was on questioning the established criteria of literary criticism. In particular, sanielevici focused on the poem mioriţa, release already recognized as a staple of Romanian folklore, and made sarcastic comments about its subject matter. 24 Together with.
Majerczik, he published a german-language translation of the novella sărmanul dionis poor dionysus by romania's national poet, mihai eminescu. It saw print with the bukarester Tagblatt company, in 1904. 25 While in Galaţi, sanielevici made his name as the founder and editor of Curentul nou, a literary review which appeared from 1905 to 1906. As the psdmr split into competing factions (1899 he and Garabet stranger Ibrăileanu made some efforts to regroup the scattered socialist clubs around new ideals, with an emphasis on uplifting the peasantry—an ideology that came to be known as " Poporanism ". 26 Ibrăileanu was based in the larger city of iaşi, but Sanielevici found Galaţi more suitable a location for the poporanist projects. In his view, iaşi was home to a decaying Moldavian nobility, state-dependent and nationalistic, while his adoptive home was a "citadel of true democracy".
Ornea described how Sanielevici, garabet Ibrăileanu, traian Demetrescu, anton Bacalbaşa, emil Fagure and other "young socialists" took up the combat when Gherea remained silent, and responded with an "offensive" to the junimist jibes. 14 The leading Junimist theorist and cultural critic, titu maiorescu, issued formal retorts, responding to specific points made by sanielevici. 15 nevertheless, the "young socialist" militant also published articles in the junimea magazine, convorbiri literare. 10 Additionally, he was a leading contributor to, and for a while editorial secretary of, 16 the eclectic journal noua revistă română, run by the ex- junimist philosopher Constantin Rădulescu-motru. It was there that he began a series of articles in defense of didacticism, with which he established his reputation as a cultural journalist. 17 noua revistă română was also the place where, some years later, sanielevici met and befriended fellow journalist Constantin Beldie.
18 In 1901, sanielevici was in the german Empire, for an academic specialization in the field of Anthropology at the University of Berlin. 19 In 1904, he was in Paris, france, where he spoke at the société Anthropologique. The topic of his dissertation challenged contemporary assumptions on physical anthropology, primarily the theories of Swedish physician Anton Nyström. Sanielevici spoke out against Nyström's belief that "dolichocephalic" people were abnormal. Arguing that Nyström stood against "all anthropological data 20 the romanian suggested that the shape of one's skull was determined by mastication. The société as a whole found his interpretation strange and unappealing.
George, o leary timeline - tribunedigital
10 he graduated high school in his home town, and took a bill degree in Letters and Philosophy at the University of Bucharest. 1 Together with Simion, who was Technical University student, he attended the marxist society of Bucharest 's Sotir Hall, led by constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea, and joined the militant Romanian Social-Democratic Workers' party (psdmr). 11 Especially after the psdmr's creation, henric gave weekly public lectures for the workers at Sotir, where he was known under the pseudonym Hasan. 12 The two brothers were contributors to Adevărul, at the time a socialist daily edited by Gherea's pupil Constantin Mille, and, around 1896, were also writing for its short-lived literary supplements. 13 Henric's articles were also published in other socialist and center-left papers: Lumea nouă, munca, avântul, and the piteşti literary magazine povestea vorbei. 10 A main focus of Sanielevici's early work as a critic was defending Dobrogeanu-Gherea's Marxist literary theory against Junimea, the conservative literary society. Late in the 20th century, cultural historian.
1 he grew up in a cosmopolitan neighborhood, alongside romanians and Armenians ; 6 the obama unfamiliar suffix -ici, chosen by henric's ancestors, misled some into believing that the family was of Serb origin. 7 Henric spent most of his childhood between Botoşani and various rural localities in Moldavia, among them Costeşti, dolhasca and Podriga. 8 The countryside, he was to recall in writing, shaped his vision of human nutrition as the source of physical and cultural differences: "Everywhere there were orchards, one to every homestead, and often with select fruit. Fruit was falling on the ground in piles, without anyone even bothering to turn it into cider, at least. Countryside attics were full of huge piles, white and greenish, of peaches the size of apples. Until fifteen years of age, i can only recall images of myself eating fruit all day long". 9 The setting also inspired his naturalistic observations on poultry (he described Moldavian hens as particularly slender and prone to wade in still water on wild birds, and even on spiders. 1 While he was still a student in Botoşani, the young man made his debut in the socialist press, founding and editing his own newspaper, the short-lived Proletarul.
expunged by the communist regime. His tracts were revisited with more sympathy after the 1960s, but reviewers generally describe sanielevici as an eccentric and discountable contributor to romanian culture. Contents biography edit early years edit sanielevici was a native of Botoşani city, in the historical region of Moldavia. His father, officially known as leon Sanilevici, was a trader, and his mother, rebeca, a housewife. 1 Both branches descended from prominent Jewish community leaders—leon's father was a rabbi of Craiova jews, in southern Romania, while rebeca was the daughter of Botoşani's own Rabbi—whose ancestors had settled in the danubian Principalities to escape pogroms in the russian Empire. 1 Almost all of leon's other children grew up to become distinguished artists and intellectuals: Simion, jacques and Maximilian were mathematicians; Solomon a painter; Iosif an economist; Emil a zoologist. 2 The family, whom literary historian george călinescu describes as "utterly assimilated " into romanian culture, 1 was not in fact emancipated : like most Romanian Jews of that era, sanielevici was not granted citizenship at birth. 3 Although a self-declared atheist, 4 5 Sanielevici later recommended the voluntary mass baptism of Jews.
His heated polemic with the rival school. Sămănătorul journal isolated him from the other Poporanists, whom he eventually denounced as " reactionaries ". More controversy surrounded his ambiguous attitudes during. From 1920, sanielevici was an isolated figure on the left, editing a new version. Curentul nou and only affiliating with the popular daily. He moved away from literary theory and, following his anthropological speculations, revived Lamarckism and scientific racism to formulate his own racial-sociological system. Himself a jewish Romanian, sanielevici attempted to undermine from the racial assumptions of nazi ideologists and local fascists, but his own interpretations of natural history were universally ridiculed.
Tufts e-news: Just doing His Homework
Henric Sanielevici (Romanian shmoop pronunciation: henrik sanielevitʃ, first name also, henri, henry or, enric, last name also, sanielevich ; September 21, 1875 february 19, 1951) was. Romanian journalist and literary critic, also remembered for his work in anthropology, ethnography, sociology and zoology. Initially a militant socialist from the political-philosophical circle of, constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea, he incorporated other influences and, in 1905, created his own literary review, curentul nou the new Trend. Sanielevici and his friend. Garabet Ibrăileanu were among the founders of ". Poporanism a peasant-oriented and left-wing movement. However, sanielevici soon detached himself from both. Marxism and, agrarianism, criticizing Romanian traditionalist literature, and prophesying. Neoclassicism for the working men.