Before you write a paper, though, you need to understand the course texts and recommended readings. Philosophical works need to be read slowly and with focused attention. As you read, ask yourself the following: What philosophical question(s) is the author addressing? What exactly is meant by key ideas or concepts in the text (e.g., Platos Forms, Aristotles substance and accident, kants categorical imperative, sartres being-for-itself)? Each discipline has its own technical language, which students must learn. What arguments does the author make (e.g., Aquinass five arguments for the existence of God)?
For all the wide variations in style and presentation, the writings of philosophers possess a common architecture, which is none other than that of logic. Is there a god? Are there objective, universal moral norms or rules? What is meant by reality? Do we have free will? In studying philosophy, students aim to do the following: understand such philosophical questions and the concepts, arguments, and theories that philosophers use to address them biofuel think critically about such arguments and theories develop their own answers to philosophical questions. Writing philosophy essays is a key part of studying philosophy. Make sure first to understand the assignment, looking out for the questions asked and paying attention to prompts such as outline or evaluate or compare. Most philosophy assignments will ask you to demonstrate your understanding of the subject through exposition of arguments and theories, and many will also test your ability to assess these arguments and theories by writing a critical evaluation of them. Write your paper so that the reader understands how your exposition and evaluation answer the questions and address all parts of the assignment. Read the texts Carefully, asking questions.
Writing — whether in the form of books, articles, essays, or dialogues — is, quite simply, the way one works at philosophy. Reading, thinking, talking philosophy are all parts of the process. But none of these is a satisfactory substitute for the discipline of expressing your thoughts on paper. (The lone figure of Socrates is perhaps the only recorded exception to this statement.) A student who has not yet produced his or her first piece of written work has simply not reached first base. — that is why at Pathways we encourage our students to get into the practice of writing from the start. By 'writing' one does not mean simply jotting down thoughts as they come into your head, though this too can be an initial part of the process. Philosophical writing involves constructing an argument. It is reflective and self-critical. Even when the writing flows, the words form an organised structure.
To the beginner, the very idea of a philosophy essay seems mysterious, and friendship the prospect of having to write one quite intimidating. Any attempt to explain the nature of philosophical writing in the abstract, however, merely serves to deepen the mystery. All one can say is that once you have started to grapple with various actual examples of such writing, you will begin to form an idea of the type of approach that is needed. Then, all you can do is have a go yourself. In short, like the very first things we were taught as infants, one learns by imitation and by trial and error. But why is it necessary to write philosophy anyway? Isn't it enough just to study the works of philosophers?
First you brainstorm, and then you write a first draft, edit, rewrite, and then publish. Although most students go through this process, it is not exactly in this order. So why teach it that way? As a new age English teacher I want to change this set way of doing things, for the better. As a writer, i know that I do not follow this stereotypical format of writing and chances are the majority of my students will not either. Therefore, instead of teaching the writing process as a set linear process, i will only teach the stages. I believe students should be familiar with each stage so that. There is no technique, or recipe, or set of guidelines for writing an essay in philosophy. — that statement might not appear very helpful.
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The biggest argument about writing is most likely the highly debatable way of teaching how to write. I agree that writing is indeed a process, but a process that varies among each individual. Why then is this concept of how to write such a big deal? Students should have the ability and opportunity to effectively write, whether that is to inform, persuade, or for personal reasons. An individual who cannot write and further more cannot write effectively will most likely suffer in society.
Writing is essential to many careers and definitely for higher education purposes. As new laws are passed and the importance of writing being integrated into every subject grows, English teachers are facing a bigger challenge. Students must be prepared for college and their future careers. How then do we teach writing? Essentially this way of teaching writing is no different than before. Many veteran teachers already placed in the school system will most likely conform write to the old fashioned step by step writing process.
Try to figure out what reasonable position the philosopher could have had in mind, and direct your arguments against that. It is pointless to argue against a position so ridiculous that no one ever believed it in the first place, and that can be refuted effortlessly. It is permissible for you to discuss a view you think a philosopher might have held, or should have held, though you can't find any evidence of that view in the text. When you do this, though, you should explicitly say. Say something like, "Philosopher X doesn't explicitly say that p, but it seems to me that he might have believed it, because. you don't want to summarize any more of a philosopher's views than is necessary.
Don't try to say everything you know about X's views. You have to go on to offer your own philosophical contribution. Only summarize those parts of X's views that are directly relevant to what you're going to go on. And Thats my new Philosophy, when it comes to writing there are so many ways to begin and just as many ways to end. Perhaps the ending is your beginning or your beginning is your ending. Both ways you have your own process and in the end you have a final piece. If i am not correct, then may i be struck by lightning. Nope, i am still sitting here so that means i am correct.
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When you are paraphrasing what somebody else said, be sure to say. (And here too, cite the resume pages you're referring.). quot;tions should never be used as a substitute for your own explanation. When you do" an author, always explain what the"tion says in house your own words. If the"d passage contains an argument, reconstruct the argument in more explicit, straightforward terms. If the"d passage contains a central claim or assumption, give examples to illustrate the author's point, and, if necessary, distinguish the author's claim from other claims with which it might be confused. Philosophers sometimes do say outrageous things, but if the view you're attributing to a philosopher seems to be obviously crazy, then you should think hard about whether he really does say what you think he says.
At least half of the work in philosophy is help making sure that you've got your opponent's position right. Don't think of this as an annoying preliminary to doing the real philosophy. This is part of the real philosophical work. When a passage from a text is particularly useful in supporting your interpretation of some philosopher's views, it may be helpful to" the passage directly. (Be sure to specify where the passage can be found.) However, direct"tions should be used sparingly. It is seldom necessary to" more than a few sentences. Often it will be more appropriate to paraphrase what X says, rather than to" him directly.
he have provided some independent argument for them? Keep in mind that philosophy demands a high level of precision. It's not good enough for you merely to get the general idea of somebody else's position or argument. You have to get it exactly right. (In this respect, philosophy is more like a science than the other humanities.) Hence, when you discuss the views or arguments of Philosopher x, it's important that you establish that X really does say what you think he says. If you don't explain what you take philosopher X's view to be, your reader cannot judge whether the criticism you offer of x is a good criticism, or whether it is simply based on your misunderstanding or misinterpretation of X's views.
If your paper sounds as if it were written a third-grade audience, then you've probably achieved the right sort of clarity. It's ok to show a draft of your paper to your friends and get their comments and advice. In fact, i encourage you to do this. If your friends can't understand something you've written, then neither will your grader be able to understand. Read your paper out loud. This is an excellent way to tell whether it's easy to read and understand. As you read your paper, keep saying to yourself: "Does this essay really make sense?" "That's not at all clear!" "That sounds pretentious." "What does that mean?" "What's the connection between this sentence and the previous one?" "Does this sentence do anything more than repeat what. Presenting and assessing the views of others.
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Use simple prose, don't shoot for literary elegance. Use simple, straightforward prose. Keep your sentences and paragraphs short. We'll make fun of you if you use big words where simple words will. These issues are deep really and difficult enough without your having to muddy them up with pretentious or verbose language. Don't write using prose you wouldn't use in conversation. If you wouldn't say it, don't write.