27 The wall Street journal in July 2012 said that Aquino's "promotion of a 'reproductive health' bill is jarring" since it could lead to "a demographic trap of too few workers. The Philippines doesn't have too many people, it has too few pro-growth policies". 28 Opposing the bill, former Finance secretary roberto de Ocampo wrote that it is "truly disingenuous for anyone to proceed on the premise that the poor are to blame for the nations poverty. He emphasized that the government should apply the principle of first things first and focus on the root causes of the poverty (e.g., poor governance, corruption) and apply many other alternatives to solve the problem (e.g., giving up pork barrel, raising tax collection efficiency). 17 Maternal health and deaths edit maternal deaths in the Philippines, according to the world health Organization, is.7 per day, eaths a day, as per the proponents who repeated these numbers "to drive home the point". 30 31 The proponents state that the passage of the rh bill would mean: Access to information on natural and modern family planning Improvement of maternal, infant, and child health and nutrition Promotion of breast feeding Prevention of abortion and management of post-abortion complications Improvement. 13 The bill is "meant to prevent maternal deaths related to pregnancy and childbirth said Clara padilla of Engender Rights.
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9 At the national level, fertility reduction cuts the cost of social services with fewer people attending school or seeking medical care and as demand eases for housing, transportation, jobs, water, food, and other natural resources. 5 10 24 The Asian development Bank in 2004 also listed a large population as one of the major causes of poverty in the country, together with weak macroeconomic management, employment issues, an underperforming agricultural sector and an unfinished land reform agenda, governance issues including. 11 Criticism of premises edit Opponents refer to a 2003 study of Rand Corporation, which concluded that "there is little cross-country evidence that population growth impedes or promotes economic resume growth. Population neutralism has in fact been the predominant school in thinking among academics about population growth for the last half-century". For example, the 1992 study of Ross levine and david Renelt, which covered 119 countries over 30 years (versus a university of the Philippines study of 3 countries over a few years). The rand study also said that a large population can promote growth given the right fundamentals. 25 Thus, they refer to the hsbc 2012 projection for 2050 that the Philippines will be 16th largest economy due to its large growing population, and those whose populations are decreasing will suffer decline. 26 In a recent development, two authors of the reproductive health Bill changed their stand on the provisions of the bill regarding population and development. Emerciana de jesus and luzviminda Ilagan wanted to delete three provisions which state that "gender equality and women empowerment are central elements of reproductive health and population and development which integrate responsible parenthood and family planning programs into anti-poverty initiatives, and which name the population. The two party-list representatives strongly state that poverty is not due to over-population but because of inequality and corruption.
15 The University of the Philippines School of Economics presented two papers in support of the bill: Population and poverty: the real Score (2004 and Population, poverty, politics and the reproductive health Bill (2008). According to these economists, which include solita monsod, gerardo sicat, cayetano paderanga, ernesto. Pernia, and Stella Alabastro-quimbo, essay "rapid population growth and high fertility rates, especially among the poor, do exacerbate poverty and make it harder for the government to address it while at the same time clarifying that it would be "extreme" to view "population growth as the. They illustrate the connection between rapid population growth and poverty by comparing the economic growth and population growth rates of Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines, wherein the first two grew more rapidly than the Philippines due to lower population growth rates. 10 They stressed that "the experience from across Asia indicates that a population policy cum government-funded family planning program has been a critical complement to sound economic policy and poverty reduction". 9 In Population and poverty, aniceto Orbeta,., showed that poverty incidence is higher among big families:.3 of Filipino families with seven children are in poverty while only.8 of families who have two children live below the poverty threshold. 12 Percentage of population living below poverty line (2003). Darker areas mean more poverty. Proponents argue that smaller families and wider birth intervals resulting from the use of contraceptives allow families to invest more in each childs education, health, nutrition and eventually reduce poverty and hunger at the household level.
18 19 Economic and demographic premises edit The Philippines is the 39th most densely populated country, with a density over 335 per square kilometer, 20 and the population growth rate.9 (2010 Census.957 (2010 est. By cia world Factbook.85 (20052010 high variant estimate by the un population division, world Population Prospects: The 2008 revision ) coming from.1 in 1960. Citation needed The 2013 total fertility rate (TFR).20 births per woman, from a tfr of dillard 7 in 1960. 22 In addition, the total fertility rate for the richest quintile of the population.0, which is about one third the tfr of the poorest quintile (5.9 children per woman). The tfr for women with college education.3, about half that of women with only an elementary education (4.5 children per woman). 23 Congressman Lagman states that the bill "recognizes the verifiable link between a huge population and poverty. Unbridled population growth stunts socioeconomic development and aggravates poverty".
8 Any person or public official who prohibits or restricts the delivery of legal and medically safe reproductive health care services will be meted penalty by imprisonment or a fine. 8 Support edit Free choice regarding reproductive health enables people, especially the poor, to have the number of children they want and can feasibly care and provide for. There are several studies cited by those who support the bill: Economic studies, especially the experience in Asia, 9 show that rapid population growth and high fertility rates, especially among the poor, exacerbate poverty and make it harder for the government to address. 10 11 poverty incidence is higher among big families. 10 12 Smaller families and wider birth intervals could allow families to invest more in each childs education, health, nutrition and eventually reduce poverty and hunger at the household level 5 9 10 Studies show that 44 of the pregnancies in the poorest quintile are. The country is not a welfare state : taxpayer's money should not be used for personal practices that are harmful and immoral; it can be used to inform people of the harm of bcps. The penal provisions constitute a violation of free choice and conscience, and establishes religious persecution 17 President Aquino stated he was not an author of the bill. He also stated that he gives full support to a firm population policy, educating parents to be responsible, providing contraceptives to those who ask for them, but he refuses to promote contraceptive use. He said that his position "is more aptly called responsible parenthood rather than reproductive health".
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Sexual And Reproductive health Programs For Persons With Disabilities (PWDs) sec. Right to reproductive health Care Information sec. Implementing Rules and Regulations sec. Separability Clause, repealing Clause, effectivity summary of major provisions edit The bill mandates the government to "promote, without biases, all effective natural and modern methods of family planning that are medically safe expertise and legal." 8 Although abortion is recognized as illegal and punishable by law. 8 The bill calls for a "multi-dimensional approach" integrates a component of family planning and responsible parenthood into all government anti-poverty programs.
8 Age-appropriate reproductive health and sexuality education is required from grade five to fourth year high school using "life-skills and other approaches." 8 The bill also mandates the department of Labor and Employment to guarantee the reproductive health rights of its female employees. Companies with fewer than 200 workers are required to enter into partnership with health care providers in their area for the delivery of reproductive health services. 8 Employers with more than 200 employees shall provide reproductive health services to all employees in their own respective health facilities. Those with fewer than 200 workers shall enter into partnerships with health professionals for the delivery of reproductive health services. Employers shall inform employees of the availability of family planning. They are also obliged to monitor pregnant working employees among their workforce and ensure they are provided paid half-day prenatal medical leaves for each month of the pregnancy period that they are employed. 8 The national government and local governments will ensure the availability of reproductive health care services like family planning and prenatal care.
Maternal and Newborn health Care in Crisis Situations sec. Maternal death review sec. Role of the food and Drug Administration sec. Procurement and Distribution of Family Planning Supplies sec. Integration of Family Planning and Responsible parenthood Component in Anti-poverty Programs sec. Roles of Local government in Family Planning Programs sec.
Benefits for Serious and Life-Threatening Reproductive health Conditions sec. Mobile health Care service sec. Mandatory Age-Appropriate reproductive health and Sexuality Education sec. Pro bono services for Indigent Women. Certificate of Compliance sec. Capability building of Barangay health Workers sec. Pro bono services for Indigent Women sec.
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Darker areas mean more population. The basic content of the consolidated Reproductive health Bill is divided into the following sections. Declaration of Policy sec. Definition of Terms sec. Midwives for skilled Attendance essay sec. Emergency Obstetric Care sec. Access to family Planning sec.
Ramos shifted from population control to population management. Joseph Estrada used mixed methods of reducing fertility rates, while Gloria macapagal-Arroyo focused on mainstreaming natural family planning, while stating that contraceptives are openly sold in the country. 5 In 1989, the Philippine legislators Committee on Population and development (plcpd) was established, "dedicated to the formulation of viable public policies requiring legislation on population management and socio-economic development". Citation needed In 2000, the Philippines signed the millennium Declaration and committed to attain the mdgs by 2015, including promoting gender equality and health. In 2003 usaid started its phase out of a 33-year-old program by which son free contraceptives were given to the country. Aid recipients such as the Philippines faced the challenge to fund its own contraception program. In 2004 the department of health introduced the Philippines Contraceptive self-Reliance Strategy, arranging for the replacement of these donations with domestically provided contraceptives. 5 In August 2010, the government announced a collaborative work with the usaid in implementing a comprehensive marketing and communications strategy in favor of family planning called may plano sila. Contents Content edit sections edit Philippine population Density map.
rapid population growth which they deem to be inimical to the sociopolitical national interests of the United States, since the "U.S. Economy will require large and increasing amounts of minerals from abroad and these countries can produce destabilizing opposition forces against the United States. It recommends the. Leadership to "influence national leaders" and that "improved world-wide support for population-related efforts should be sought through increased emphasis on mass media and other population education and motivation programs by the un, usia, and usaid. 6, different presidents had different points of emphasis. Ferdinand Marcos pushed for a systematic distribution of contraceptives all over the country, a policy that was called "coercive by its leading administrator. 4, the, corazon Aquino administration focused on giving couples the right to have the number of children they prefer, while.
On April 3,2014, the court ruled that the law was "not unconstitutional" but struck down eight provisions partially or in full. 2, the senate policy Brief titled "Promoting Reproductive health the history of reproductive health in the Philippines dates back to 1967 when leaders of 12 countries including the Philippines'. Ferdinand Marcos signed the declaration on Population. 3 4, the Philippines agreed that the population problem should be review considered as the principal element for long-term economic development. Thus, the population Commission was created to push for a lower family size norm and provide information and services to lower fertility rates. 5, starting 1967, the, usaid began shouldering 80 of the total family planning commodities (contraceptives) of the country, which amounted to 3 million annually. In 1975, the United States adopted as its policy the.
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This article needs to be updated. In particular: It discusses the provisions of the proposed bill, but not of the law as passed. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2018 the, responsible parenthood and Reproductive health Act report of 2012 (Republic Act. 10354 informally known as the, reproductive health Law or, rh law, is a law in the, philippines, which guarantees universal access to methods on contraception, fertility control, sexual education, and maternal care. While there is general agreement about its provisions on maternal and child health, there is great debate on its mandate that the Philippine government and the private sector will fund and undertake widespread distribution of family planning devices such as condoms, birth control pills, and. Passage of the legislation was controversial and highly divisive, with tamabys, academics, religious institutions, and major political figures declaring their support or opposition while it was pending in the legislature. Heated debates and rallies both supporting and opposing the rh bill took place nationwide. The supreme court delayed implementation of the law in March 2013 in response to challenges.