In between An Ideal Husband and The Importance of being Earnest, wilde wrote at least the scenario for a play concerning an adulterous affair. He never developed it, the queensberry affair and his own trial intervening. Frank harris eventually wrote a version called Mr and Mrs daventry. Wilde wrote another little-known play (in the form of a pantomime) for a friend of his, Chan toon, which was called For love of the king. The 1894 play also went under the name a burmese masque. It has never been widely circulated.
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It repeated the success of Lady windermere's Fan, consolidating Wilde's reputation as the best writer of "comedy-of-manners" since richard Brinsley sheridan. A slightly more serious note was struck with An having Ideal Husband, produced by lewis Waller at the haymarket Theatre on 3 January, 1895. This contains a political melodrama—as opposed to the marital melodrama of the earlier comedies—running alongside the usual Wildean epigrams, social commentary, comedy, and romance. George bernard Shaw 's review said that ".Mr Wilde is to me our only serious playwright. He plays with everything: with wit, with philosophy, system with drama, with actors, with audience, with the whole theatre." Barely a month later, his masterpiece The Importance of being Earnest appeared at the St James's Theatre. It caused a sensation. Years later, the actor Allen Aynesworth (playing 'Algy' opposite george Alexander 's 'jack told Wilde's biographer Hesketh pearson that "In my fifty-three years of acting, i never remember a greater triumph than the first night of 'The Importance of being Earnest'." Unlike the three previous. It is in a class of its own in the whole of English drama as a piece of pure, delightful nonsense. (At least two versions of the play are in existence. Wilde originally wrote it in four acts, but george Alexander asked him to cut it down to three for the original production).
It was great immediately successful, the author making the enormous sum of seven thousand pounds from the original run. (he apparently wore a green carnation for the first time on opening night). Less successful was Salomé the same year, refused a licence for English performance by the lord Chamberlain because it contained Biblical characters. Wilde was furious, even contemplating (he said) changing his nationality to become a french citizen. The play was published in English, with illustrations by aubrey beardsley, in 1894. A french edition had appeared the year before. His next comedy was a woman of no importance, produced on 19th April 1893 at the haymarket Theatre in London by herbert beerbohm Tree.
His most famous fairy tale, the happy Prince and Other Tales, appeared in 1888, illustrated by walter Crane and Jacob hood. This volume was followed up later by a second collection of fairy tales, The house of Pomegranates ( 1892 acknowledged by the author to be "intended neither for the British child nor the British public." His only novel The picture of Dorian Gray was published. Critics have often claimed that there existed parallels between Wilde's life and that of the book's protagonist, and it was used as evidence against him at his trial. Wilde contributed some feature articles to the art reviews, and in 1891 re-published three of them as a book called Intentions. His fame as a dramatist began with the production of Lady windermere's Fan in February 1892. This was written at the request of george Alexander, actor-manager of the St James's Theatre in London. Wilde described it as "one of those modern drawing-room plays with pink lampshades".
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He later commented ironically on this view when he wrote, in The picture of Dorian Gray, "All art is quite useless". This" also reflects Wilde's support of the aesthetic movement's basic principle: Art for art's sake. This doctrine was coined by the philosopher Victor cousin, promoted by Theophile gautier and brought into prominence by james McNeill Whistler. The aesthetic movement, represented by the school of William Morris and Dante gabriel Rossetti, had a permanent influence on English decorative art. As the leading aesthete, wilde became one of the most prominent personalities of his day. Though he was ridiculed for them, his paradoxes and witty sayings were"d on all sides.
In 1879 Wilde started to teach Aesthetic values in London. In 1882 he went on a lecture tour in the United States and Canada. He was torn apart by no small number of critics — the wasp, a san Francisco newspaper, published a cartoon ridiculing Wilde and Aestheticism — but also was surprisingly well-received in such rough-and-tumble settings as the mining town of leadville, colorado. 1 On his return to the United Kingdom, he worked as a reviewer for the pall Mall gazette in the years. Afterwards he became the editor of Woman's World. Politically, wilde endorsed an anarchistic brand of socialism, expounding biography his beliefs in the text "The soul of Man Under Socialism". edit literary works Image:g he had already published in 1881 a selection rights of his poems, which, however, attracted admiration in only a limited circle.
Cyril was killed in France in World War. Vyvyan survived the war and went on to become an author and translator. He published his memoir in 1954. His son, merlin Holland, has edited and published several works about his grandfather. edit aestheticism Image:Wasp cartoon on Oscar g While at Magdalen College, wilde became particularly well known for his role in the aesthetic and decadent movements. He began wearing his hair long and openly scorning so-called "manly" sports, and began decorating his rooms with peacock feathers, lilies, sunflowers, blue china and other objets d'art.
His behaviour cost him a dunking in the river Cherwell in addition to having his rooms trashed, but the cult spread among certain segments of society to such an extent that languishing attitudes, "too-too" costumes and aestheticism generally became a recognised pose. Aestheticism in general was caricatured in Gilbert and Sullivan 's operetta patience ( 1881 ). Such was the success of "Patience" in New York that Richard d'oyly carte conceived the idea of sending Wilde to America on a lecture tour. This was duly arranged, wilde arriving in January 1882. Although Wilde later claimed to have told the customs officer "I have nothing to declare except my genius historians and biographers have concluded that this is an embellishment of Wilde's as there is no contemporary evidence that this occurred. Wilde was deeply impressed by the English writers John Ruskin and Walter Pater, who argued for the central importance of art in life.
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In London, he met Constance Lloyd, daughter of the wealthy qc, horace Lloyd. She was visiting Dublin in summary 1884 when Oscar was in the city to give lectures at the gaiety Theatre. He proposed to her and they married on may 29, 1884 in Paddington, london. Constance's allowance of 250 allowed the wildes to live in relative luxury. The couple had two sons, cyril ( 1885 ) and vyvyan ( 1886 ). After Oscar's downfall Constance took the surname holland for herself and the boys. She died in 1898 following spinal surgery and was buried in Staglieno cemetery in Genoa, italy.
scholarship to magdalen College, oxford, where he continued his studies from 1874 to 1878. While at Magdalen, wilde won the 1878 Oxford Newdigate Prize for his poem ravenna. He graduated with a double first. edit marriage and family After graduating from Magdalen, wilde returned to dublin, where he met and fell in love with Florence balcome. She in turn became engaged to Bram Stoker. On hearing of her engagement, wilde wrote to her stating his intention to leave ireland permanently. He left in 1878 and was to return to his native country only twice, for brief visits. The next six years were spent in London, paris and the United States, where he travelled to deliver lectures.
He was a renowned philanthropist, and his dispensary for the care of the city's poor, situated. Lincoln Place short at the rear of Trinity college, dublin was the forerunner of the dublin eye and Ear Hospital, now located at Adelaide road. In June 1855, the family moved to 1 Merrion Square, a fashionable residential area. Here, lady wilde held a regular Saturday afternoon salon with guests including such figures as Sheridan le fanu, samuel lever, george petrie, isaac Butt and Samuel Ferguson. Oscar was educated at home up to the age of nine. He attended Portora royal School in Enniskillen, fermanagh from 1864 to 1871, spending the summer months with his family in rural Waterford, wexford and at William Wilde's family home in mayo. Here the wilde brothers played with the young george moore.
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The television movie wiki: for tv, celebrities, and movies. Image:g, oscar Fingal o'flahertie wills Wilde october 16, 1854, november 30, 1900 ) was an, anglo-Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. One of slogan the most successful playwrights of late. Victorian, london, and one of the greatest celebrities of his day, known for his barbed and clever wit, he suffered a dramatic downfall and was imprisoned after being convicted in a famous trial of "gross indecency" for a homosexual act. edit, biography edit, birth and early life, image:Oscar wilde. Wilde was born into a protestant Anglo-Irish family at 21 Westland Row, dublin, to sir, william Wilde and his wife, jane. Jane was a successful writer and an Irish nationalist, known also as 'Speranza while sir William was Ireland's leading ear and eye surgeon, and wrote books on archaeology and folklore.