Last Name, first Intitial(s). Title of journal, vol.(Issue page(s). Retrieved from url of journal home page. Example: Example: cq - where source material may change over time. An annotated bibliography is a list of the sources (e.g. A bibliography is a list of all the sources that you used to make your eportfolio. This guide outlines the harvard apa-style guidelines to bibliographic. General guidelines, layout and punctuation.
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Internet technical or research reports University of California, san Francisco, institute for health and Aging. Chronic care in America: A 21st century challenge (Report. Retrieved from the robert wood foundation website:. In essay the example above, the author is the publisher (in other words, a corporate author is listed). Identify publisher in the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author. If the report is from the. Government Printing Office, list the publisher location and name as Washington, dc: government Printing Office. Example: Format-from personnel Database (Article includes a doi number). Format-from Database (Article includes a doi number). Last Name, first Initial(s). Doi: number Example: Citation: Example: Format-from Database (Article does not include doi number).
full-Text Article with doi assigned Schneiderman,. Librarians can make sense of the net. San Antonio business journal, 11, 58-61. full-Text Article without a doi bianco,. Is Wal-Mart too powerful? Harvard Business review, resumes 38, 100-104. Retrieved from Article in an Internet-only newsletter waufton,.
If pagination in electronic references is unavailable, leave out of the citation. Apa now requires a doi (Digital Object with Identifier) when available. The doi may be found in the citation, abstract, full record/details, or on the first page of the article/book. Or you may look up the doi at the following web site: doi lookup (ossref. If a doi has not been assigned to a journal article short and the article was accessed online, the url of the journal home page should be listed. There is no longer a need to cite the database from which a journal article was accessed except if the material is discontinued and was accessed through an archival database such as jstor. No retrieval date is needed for electronic sources unless the source material may change over time (e.g., wikis).
Example 5 While the sears Tower is arguably the greatest achievement in skyscraper engineering so far, it's unlikely that architects and engineers have abandoned the quest for the world's tallest building. The question is: Just how high can a building go? Structural engineer William lemessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the sears Tower. And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a 500-story building. From Ron Bachman, "Reaching for the sky." dial (may 1990. Answer Exercise 5 How much higher skyscrapers of the future will rise than the present world marvel, the sears Tower, is unknown. However, the design of one twice as tall is already on the boards, and an architect, robert Sobel, thinks we currently have sufficient knowhow to build a skyscraper with over 500 stories (Bachman 15). If your source does not appear in the examples below consult the publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
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Answer Exercise 3 The use of a helmet is the key to reducing bicycling fatalities, which are due to head injuries 75 of the time. By cushioning the head upon impact, a helmet can reduce accidental injury by as much as 85, saving the lives of hundreds of victims annually, half of whom are school children bike helmets" 348). Example 4 Matisse is the best painter ever at putting the viewer at the scene. He's the most realistic of all modern artists, if you admit the feel of the breeze as necessary to a landscape and the smell of oranges as essential to a still life. "The casbah Gate" depicts the well-known gateway bab el Aassa, which pierces the southern wall of the city near the sultan's palace.
With scrubby coats of ivory, aqua, blue, and rose delicately fenced by the liveliest gray outline in art history, matisse gets the essence of a tangier afternoon, including the subtle presence of the bowaab, the sentry who sits and surveys those who pass through the. From Peter Plagens, "Bright Lights." Newsweek. Answer Exercise 4 Matisse paintings are remarkable in giving the viewer the distinct sensory impressions of one experiencing the scene system first hand. For instance, "The casbah Gate" takes one to the walled city of Tangier and the bab el Aassa gateway near the sultan's palace, where one can imagine standing on an afternoon, absorbing the splash of colors and the fine outlines. Even the sentry, the bowaab vaguely eyeing those who come and go through the gate, blends into the scene as though real (Plagens 50).
They were the years when organized crime ruled the cities, and the police seemed powerless to do anything against. Classical music was forgotten while jazz spread throughout the land, and men like bix beiderbecke, louis Armstrong, and count Basie became the heroes of the young. The flapper was born in the twenties, and with her bobbed hair and short skirts, she symbolized, perhaps more than anyone or anything else, america's break with the past. From Kathleen Yancey, english 102 Supplemental guide (1989. Answer Exercise 2 During the twenties lawlessness and social nonconformity prevailed. In cities organized crime flourished without police interference, and in spite of nationwide prohibition of liquor sales, anyone who wished to buy a drink knew where to get one.
Musicians like louis Armstrong become favorites, particularly among young people, as many turned away from highly respectable classical music to jazz. One of the best examples of the anti-traditional trend was the proliferation of young "flappers women who rebelled against custom by cutting off their hair and shortening their skirts (Yancey 25). Example 3 Of the more than 1000 bicycling deaths each year, three-fourths are caused by head injuries. Half of those killed are school-age children. One study concluded that wearing a bike helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by 85 percent. In an accident, a bike helmet absorbs the shock and cushions the head. From "bike helmets: Unused Lifesavers consumer Reports (may 1990 348.
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Try not to look back at the original passage. "The Antarctic surgery is the vast source of cold on our planet, just as the sun is the source of our heat, and it exerts tremendous control on our climate jacques cousteau told the camera. "The cold ocean water around Antarctica flows north to mix with warmer water from the tropics, and its upwellings help to cool both the surface water and our atmosphere. Yet the fragility of this regulating system is now threatened by human activity." From "Captain cousteau audubon (may 1990. According to jacques cousteau, the activity of people in Antarctica is jeopardizing a delicate natural mechanism that controls the earth's climate. He fears that human activity could interfere with the balance between the sun, report the source of the earth's heat, and the important source of cold from Antarctic waters that flow north and cool the oceans and atmosphere captain cousteau" 17). The twenties were the years when drinking was against the law, and the law was a bad joke because everyone knew of a local bar where liquor could be had.
Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. A legitimate paraphrase: In research papers students often" excessively, failing to keep"d material down to a desirable level. Since the problem usually business originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim (Lester 46-47). An acceptable summary: Students should take just a few notes in direct"tion from sources to help minimize the amount of"d material in a research paper (Lester 46-47). A plagiarized version: Students often use too many direct"tions when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper. In fact, probably only about 10 of the final copy should consist of directly"d material. So it is important to limit the amount of source material copied while taking notes. Paraphrasing Exercise, summary: This resources discusses how to paraphrase correctly and accurately. Directions: On a separate piece of paper, write a paraphrase of each of the following passages.
you envision using this material. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. Use"tion marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. Record the source (including the page) on your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to incorporate the material into your paper. Some examples to compare, the original passage: Students frequently overuse direct"tion in taking notes, and as a result they overuse"tions in the final research paper. Probably only about 10 of your final manuscript should appear as directly"d matter.
Purdue students will want to make sure that they are familiar with Purdue's official academic dishonesty policy as well as any additional policies that their instructor has implemented. Another good resource for understanding plagiarism is the Statement on Plagiarism from the council of for Writing Program Administrators. your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form. One legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate documentation) to borrow from a source. A more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea. Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because. it is better than"ng information from an undistinguished passage. It helps you control the temptation to" too much. The mental process required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original.
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Download, report, description, paraphrase: Write it in your Own Words Summary: This resources discusses how to paraphrase correctly and accurately. Contributors:Purdue owl last Edited: 07:48:25. Transcript, paraphrase: Write it in your Own Words. Summary: This resources discusses how to paraphrase correctly and accurately. Learn to borrow from a source without plagiarizing. For more information on paraphrasing, as well as other ways to integrate sources into your paper, see the purdue owl handout"ng Paraphrasing, and Summarizing. For more information about writing research papers, see our resource words on this subject.