1880 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 38 states; 3/4 29 NY 5,083 PA 4,283 OH 3,198 IL 3,078 MO 2,168 IN 1,978 MA 1,783 KY 1,649 MI 1,637 IA 1,625 this and following l tx 1,592 GA 1,542 TN 1,542 VA 1,513 NC 1,400 WI 1,315 AL 1,263 MS 1,132 NJ 1,131 KN 996 SC 996 LA 940 MD 935 CA 865 AR 803 MN 781 ME 649 CT 623 WV 618 this and preceding m nb 452 NH 347 VT 332 RI 277 FL 269 CO 194. 1890 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 42 states; 3/4 32 NY 6,003 PA 5,258 IL 3,826 OH 3,672 MO 2,679 MA 2,239 TX 2,236 IN 2,192 MI 2,094 IA 1,912 KY 1,859 this and following l ga 1,837 TN 1,768 WI 1,693 VA 1,656 NC 1,618 AL 1,513 NJ 1,445 KN 1,428 MN 1,310 MS 1,290 CA 1,213 SC 1,151 AR 1,128 LA 1,119 NB 1,063 MD 1,042 WV 763 CT 746 ME 661 CO 413 FL 391 this and preceding m nh 377 WA 357 SD 349. 1900 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 45 states; 3/4 34 NY 7,269 PA 6,302 IL 4,822 OH 4,158 MO 3,107 TX 3,049 MA 2,805 IN 2,516 MI 2,421 IA 2,232 GA 2,216 KY 2,147 this and following l wi 2,069 TN 2,021 NC 1,894 NJ 1,884 VA 1,854 AL 1,829 MN 1,751 MS 1,551 CA 1,485 KN 1,470 LA 1,382 SC 1,340 AR 1,312 MD 1,188 NB 1,066 WV 959 CT 908 ME 694 CO 540 FL 529 WA 518 RI 429 this and preceding.
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30 states; 3/4 23 NY 3,097 PA 2,312 OH 1,980 VA 1,119 TN 1,003 MA 995 IN 988 KY 982 this and following l ga 906 NC 869 IL 851 AL 772 MO 682 SC 669 MS 607 ME 583 MD 583 LA 518 NJ 490 MI 398 CT 371 NH 318 VT 314 this and preceding m wi 305 TX 213 AR 210 IA 192 RI 148 DE 92 FL 87 Total 22,654 m 21,407.50. 1860 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 33 states; 3/4 25 NY 3,881 PA 2,906 OH 2,340 IL 1,712 IN 1,350 MA 1,231 VA 1,220 MO 1,182 KY 1,156 this and following l tn 1,110 GA 1,057 NC 993 AL 964 MS 791 WI 776 MI 749 LA 708 SC 704 MD 687 IA 675 NJ 672 ME 628 TX 604 CT 460 AR 435 this and preceding m ca 380 NH 326 employee VT 315 RI 175 MN 172 FL 140 DE 112 OR 52 Total 30,663. The fourteenth Amendment was proposed on June 13, 1866, and ratified on July 28, 1868. The fifteenth Amendment was proposed on February 26, 1869. The fourth amendment to be passed by congress and defeated by the states was proposed on March 2, 186l. It was the so-called Corwin amendment and would have barred future amendments authorizing Congress to interfere with the domestic insitutions of the states, including slavery. The following states were admitted this decade: Kansas (kn 34th, january 29, 1861; West Virginia (wv 35th, june 20, 1863; nevada (nv 36th, October 31, 1864; and Nebraska (nb 37th, march 1, 1867. 1870 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 37 states; 3/4 28 NY 4,383 PA 3,522 OH 2,665 IL 2,540 MO 1,721 IN 1,681 MA 1,457 KY 1,321 TN 1,259 VA 1,225 this and following l ia 1,194 GA 1,184 MI 1,184 NC 1,071 WI 1,055 AL 997 NJ 906 MS 828 TX 819 MD 781 LA 727 SC 706 ME 627 CA 560 CT 537 AR 484 WV 442 MN 440 this and preceding m kn 364 VT 331 NH 318 RI 217 FL 188 DE 125 NB 123. Colorado (CO) became the 38th state on August 1, 1876.
Citizenship for accepting any title, present, or office from a foreign power without the consent of Congress. The following states were admitted during this decade: louisiana (la 18th, April 30, 1812; Indiana (in 19th, december 11, 1816; Mississippi (ms 20th, december 10, 1817; Illinois (il 21st, december 3, 1818; and Alabama (al 22d, december 14, 1819. 1820 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 22 states; 3/4 17 NY 1,373 PA 1,049 VA 938 NC 639 OH 581 KY 564 this and following l ma 523 SC 503 TN 423 MD 407 GA 341 NJ 278 CT 275 NH 244 VT 236 LA 153 IN 147 this and preceding m al 128 RI 83 MS 75 DE 73 IL 55 Total 9,088 m 8,674.44 l 4,508.60 The following states were admitted. 1830 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 24 states; 3/4 18 NY 1,919 PA 1,348 VA 1,044 OH 938 NC 738 KY 688 TN 682 desk this and following l ma 610 SC 581 GA 517 MD 447 ME 399 IN 343 NJ 321 AL 310 CT 298 VT 281 NH 269 this and preceding m la 216 IL 157 MO 140 MS 137 RI 97 DE 77 Total 12,557 m 11,733.44 l 5,882.84 The following states. 1840 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 26 states; 3/4 20 NY 2,429 PA 1,724 OH 1,519 VA 1,025 TN 829 KY 780 NC 753 this and following l ma 738 GA 691 IN 686 SC 594 AL 591 ME 502 IL 476 MD 470 MO 384 MS 376 NJ 373 LA 352 CT 310 this and preceding m vt 292 NH 285 MI 212 RI 109 AR 98 DE 78 Total 16,676 m 15,602.56 l 8,370.19 The. 1850 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census.
The bill of Rights was ratified on December 15, l791, when the eleventh (Virginia) of the then fourteen states voted to ratify. The eleventh amendment was proposed on March 4, 1794, and essay ratified on January 8, 1798. The following states were admitted offer during this decade: Rhode Island (ri 13th, may 29, 1790; Vermont (vt 14th, march 4, 1791; Kentucky (ky 15th, june 1, 1792; and Tennessee (tn 16th, june 1, 1796. 1800 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 16 states; 3/4 l2 VA 808 PA 602 NY 589 NC 478 MA 423 this and following l sc 346 MD 342 CT 251 KY 221 NJ 211 NH 184 GA 163 this and preceding m vt 154 TN 106 RI 69 DE 64 Total 5,041 m 4,648.20 l 2,564.86 The Twelfth Amendment was proposed on December 9, l803, and ratified. Ohio (OH) became the 17th state on March 1, 1803. 1810 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. 17 states; 3/4 13 NY 959 VA 878 PA 810 NC 556 MA 472 this and following l sc 415 KY 407 MD 381 CT 262 TN 262 GA 252 NJ 246 OH 231 this and preceding m vt 218 NH 214 RI 77 DE 73 Total 6,713 m 6,131.33 l 3,510.29 The third amendment to be passed by congress. It would have stripped persons.
Before the 1790 census, all thirteen of the original colonies, except Rhode Island, had become states of the United States of America. In their order of admission they were: Delaware (de 1st, december 7, 1787; Pennsylvania (pa 2d, december 12, 1787; New Jersey (nj 3d, december 18, 1787; georgia (ga 4th, january 2, 1788; Connecticut (ct 5th, january 9, 1788; Massachusetts (ma 6th, february 6, 1788; Maryland. 1790 Census These are the states in declining order by population at the time of this census. Population figures are in thousands. "M" is the most populous 3/4 of the states. "L" is the least populous 3/4 of the states. It takes 3/4 of the states to amend the constitution. 12 states; 3/4 9 VA 692 PA 434 NC 394 MA 379 this and following l ny 340 MD 320 SC 249 CT 238 NJ 184 this and preceding m nh 142 GA 83 DE 59 Total 3,514 m 3,230.91 l l,994.74 ratification of the constitution became unanimous when Rhode Island voted to ratify on may.
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The number of states need to ratify will be rounded up rather than rounded down. When that happens, the resumes complementary "one-fourth" of the states, rounded up, will suffice to veto, without the addition of another state. Hence, the figures below represent 25 1 of the states, even though a mere 25 has often sufficed to veto. Even though v as calculated may look low, one should realize that proper accounting for this round-off error would show it even lower for many census year. 1790.32 1890.88 1800.03 1900.58 1810.ll 1910.11 1820.17 1920.04 1830.70 1930.74 1840.29 1940.69 1850.89 1950.69 1860.87 1960.09 1870.87 1970.07 1880.79 1980., there was no census and. Before the decade of the l780's was over, however, the constitutional convention was called on February 21, 1787, and beowulf it convened on may 25, 1787. Congress formally proposed the constitution written by the convention on September 28, 1787.
Under article vii of the new Constitution, it was to be "established" when nine states had ratified it, which occurred with the vote of New Hampshire on June 21, 1788. The vote was eventually made unanimous, which, not incidentally was the requirement of the Articles of Confederation for its own amendment. The first 10 adopted amendments, the bill of Rights, were proposed on September 25, l789. The original proposed Bill of Rights contained 12 amendments, but two were defeated by the states. One concerned the apprortionment of representatives, and the other wold have prevented Congressional salary increases from taking effect until after the next election of representatives.
Finally, i have taken dates of the proposals and ratifications of amendments from the United States Constitution (proposals and ratifications) United States Code (1982). Summary of Table 1, the least populous three-fourths of the states (called "L" in this Table) comprised less than half of the total national population in sixteen of the twenty census years. The four exceptions were 1790, 1800, 1810, and 1840. With a few dips and rises, the value of L (as a percentage) decreases steadily with time. The potential for a minority to amend the constitution by mustering the consent of three-fourths of the states first appeared in 1820, and has not disappeared since 1850.
1790.74 1890.08 1800.86 1900.68 1810.29 1910.95 1820.60 1920.88 1830.84 1930.80 1840.19 1940.97 1850.26 1950.21 1860.40 1960.43 1870.09 1970.87 1880.64 1980.12. The least populous 25 1 of the states represents the smallest percentage of the national population that can veto an amendment. This can be calculated by subtracting from the national total the population of the most populous three-fourths of the states (called "M" in this Table) from the national total and then adding the population of the next most populous state; the ratio of the resulting. For purposes of this summary i have called the smallest percentage of the population that can veto an amendment "V". Note that v, as calculated by the algorithm above, will occasionally give a higher figure than the actual mimimum population sufficient to veto. When the total number of states in the Union is not evenly divisible by four, then the "three-fourths" of the states needed to amend will be the least number of states exceeding three-fourths.
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Table 2 biography summarizes the data as they pertain to this question. A summary of the data precedes the table. More complete summaries apear in the main text. I have taken or derived all data data from census years prior to 1980 from the. Department of Commerce, bureau of Census, historical Statistics of the United States, colonial Times to 1970, volume i,. Government Printing Office, 1975. Data from the 1980 census are taken or derived from the. Department of Commerce, bureau of Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1981,. Government Printing Office, 1981.
The date of mile proposal is the date the amendment was approved by congress and sent to the states. The date of ratification is the day the secretary of State or Administrator of General Services proclaimed the validity of the amendment. The defeated amendments, of course, have determinate dates of proposal, but they do not always have determinate dates of defeat. Only recently, since the eighteenth amendment, have we put a deadline for ratification into the texts of proposed amendments themselves. If the amendment contains no deadline, the rule seems to be that ratifications may continue for a "reasonable" time, when Congress is the judge of that reasonableness. At the bottom of each list I have also indicated which states were admitted to the Union in the decade beginning that year. By including these sub-lists on amendments and state admissions, i hope the reader will be able, without cross-checking from other tables, to determine which year's census data are most appropriate for calculating majority or minority support for a given amendment.
in the lists themselves. I have calculated and noted the populations represented by m and l at the bottom of each list, along with the percentages that m and L represent of the "total" population. Note that if uniform, complete totals were available, m and L would comprise even smaller percentages of the national population than are shown here. Hence, when my data show l as less than 50 of the national population, better data would only show it even smaller. We cannot determine whether the four times that l exceeds 50 would actually dip below 50 with better data. At the bottom of each list I have also indicated which of the twenty-six adopted, and six defeated, amendments were proposed and ratified in the decade beginning with that census. The "six defeated" amendments are those that were proposed by congress with the requisite two-thirds votes of each house, but did not muster the requisite ratifying votes from three-fourths of the states. Of course, there have been thousands of proposals defeated at the congressional stage. I have given the dates of proposal and ratification for each adopted amendment, and the dates of proposal for the six defeated amendments.
This arrengement should help to slogan highlight the crucial threshold of three-fourths of the states needed to amend; the list shown for each decade contains the total number of states from which the three-fourths would be calculated. The list does not include the district of Columbia because it has never been eligible to ratify amendments. A state becomes eligible to vote on amendments as soon as it is formally admitted to the Union; the number of states needed for ratification is increased if necessary at the same time. At the top of each list, before the list of states begins, i have indicated how many states were then eligible to ratify amendments, and the number of states needed to meet the three-fourths requirement. At the bottom of each list I have indicated the "total" population for that census year. This total is merely the sum of the state figures listed above it; it does not include the citizens of the district of Columbia, the citizens of the territories, or the Americans residing abroad. Curiously, although more complete totals are available for each census year, no totals are available that are published for each census year and calculated on the same basis for each census year.
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Connecting content to people. Company, resources, plans products, apps. The possibility of Federalist Minority Amendment: Decade by decade, the following table contains population data from each census friendship from the first in 1790 to the most recent in l980. For each census year, i have listed the states in descending order by population size and shortened the names of the states to the current two-letter postal abbreviations. The population for each state is rounded off to the nearest thousand. When two or more states had the same rounded population in the same year, i have listed them in alphabetical order by their full names. For each census year I have included only those states that were eligible to vote on constitutional amendments as of the beginning of that census year, although the census bureau often collected population figures for territories and dependencies ineligible to vote.